Your Guide to Skills Needed in Your Food Factory Workers

A new $133 million project for manufacturing canned tuna is expected to create 4,000 jobs for food-process workers. Saudi Arabia’s strategic vision is well underway, mentioning that the National Industry Strategy is looking forward to tripling the agricultural exports to reach $10.9 billion by 2035. The Saudi Authority for Industrial Cities and Technology Zones “MODON” has also revealed that the number of food factories will increase to 1,171 by the end of 2022. 

You can read behind the headlines that the framework of the Vision 2030 plan is effective in developing the new economy, in terms of encouraging small and medium-sized companies in the food sector and other sectors. It also creates thousands of job opportunities for food process workers and professionals; and with this massive number of job opportunities comes a massive need for developing food factory workers’ skills.

Though, before we highlight the basic skills you may need in your food process workers to surf on the same development wave, let’s know what the term food industry refers to:

The term“food industry” encompasses any company that produces, processes, manufactures, sells and serves food, beverages, and dietary supplements. It refers to all stages of the process, including design, construction, maintenance, and delivery of solutions to the customer in the industry of animal nutrition and the food industry (food and drink).

Taking into consideration the rapid changes in the market, which may sometimes take a radical turn, developing the skills of your factory workers and professionals has become more than just a routine, but rather a core factor in the destination of your facility and how it might survive in the world economy fluctuations and surf the new technology waves. 

Now, what are the skills you might need in food factory workers?

There are essential skills, knowledge, and competencies needed in the professional factory workers related to the food industry, and there are optional skills, knowledge, and competencies needed in the professional factory workers related to the food industry.

Table 1. A brief view of essential skills, knowledge, and competencies needed in the professional factory workers related to the food industry.

Food Production ManagerFood Production OperatorFood Safety SpecialistFood & Beverage Packaging TechnologistFood Production EngineerFood AnalystFood Technician
financial capabilityfood safety principlesfood legislationpackaging engineeringelectrical engineeringfood safety principlesfood and beverage industry
food and beverage industry food preservationpackaging functionselectronicsfood safety standardsfood preservation
food legislation food storagepackaging processesfood storagefood sciencefood product ingredients
quality assurance methodologies  product package requirementsquality assurance methodologiesfood toxicity functional properties of foods 
types of packaging materialslaboratory-based sciencesprocesses of foods and beverage manufacturing

analyse production processes for improvement
administer ingredients in food productioncontrol food safety regulationsanalyse packaging requirementsapply GMPanalyse characteristics of food products at receptionapply GMP
analyse trends in the food and beverage industriesapply GMP develop food safety programmesapply GMP apply HACCPprocesses of food and beverage manufacturingapply HACCP
apply control process statistical methods apply HACCPevaluate retail food inspection findingsapply HACCPapply requirements concerning the manufacturing of food and beveragesapply GMP analyse samples of food and beverages
apply HACCPbe at ease in unsafe environmentskeep task recordscare for food aestheticapply requirements concerning the manufacturing of food and beveragesapply requirements concerning the manufacturing of food and beveragesclean food and beverage machinery
configure plants for the food industrycarry out checks of production plant equipmentmaintain personal hygiene standards  identify innovative concepts in packagingdevelop food production processesassess nutritional characteristics of food  ensure public safety and security
communicate production plan clean food and beverage machinery monitor packaging operations keep up with innovations in food manufacturing disaggregate the production plan assess quality characteristics of food products identify the factors causing changes in food during storage
control of expensesdisassemble equipmentapply requirements concerning the manufacturing of food and beveragesmanage packaging development cycle from concept to launchdisassemble equipment plan inspections for the prevention of sanitation violationsmanage all process engineering activities
ensure cost efficiency in food manufacturingensure refrigeration of food in the supply chainprepare reports on sanitation manage packaging material keep up with innovations in food manufacturingblend food ingredientsmanage the delivery of raw materials
identify hazards in the workplaceensure sanitation take action on food safety violationsmonitor filling machineskeep up-to-date with regulationscalibrate laboratory equipmentmanage packaging material
attend to detail regarding food and beverages                 follow production scheduletrain employeesmonitor packaging optionsmanage all process engineering activitiescollect samples for analysismonitor freezing processes

Table 2. A brief of optional skills, knowledge and competencies needed in the professional factory workers related to the food industry.

Food Production ManagerFood Production OperatorFood Safety SpecialistFood & Beverage Packaging TechnologistFood Production EngineerFood AnalystFood Technician
food safety standardscentrifugal forcecold chainfood safety principlesfood and beverage industryfermentation processes of foodcleaning of reusable packaging
dispose of food wastecleaning of reusable packagingfood homogenisationfood safety standardsfood homogenisationfood homogenisationcombination of flavours
 condiment manufacturing processesfood policyfood sciencefood preservationfood legislationcombination of textures
 fermentation processes of foodgeneral principles of food lawingredient threatsFood safety standardsfood products compositionfermentation processes of beverages
 food canning production line legislation about animal-origin products risks associated with physical, chemical, and biological hazards in food and beveragesfermentation processes of food
adapt production levelslegislation about animal-origin productsanalyse samples of food and beveragesassess HACCP implementation in plantsanalyse work-related written reportsanalyse packaging requirementsadjust production schedule
advocate for consumer matters in production plantsadminister materials to tea bag machinesassess food samplesdetect microorganismsassess HACCP implementation in plantsanalyse trends in the food and beverage industriesadminister ingredients in food production
apply foreign language for international tradeapply different dehydration processes of fruits and vegetablesaudit HACCPdevelop new food productsbe at ease in unsafe environmentsanalyse work-related written reportsanalyse packaging requirements
assess environmental plans against financial costsapply extruding techniquesdevelop food policydevelop standard operating procedures in the food chainensure compliance with environmental legislation in food productionapply scientific methodsanalyse production processes for improvement
ensure continuous preparedness for auditsapply preservation treatmentsensure correct goods labellingensure correct goods labellingadjust the drying process for goodsassess environmental parameters at the workplace for food productsanalyse work-related written reports
hire new personnelcheck bottles for packagingmonitor sugar uniformitykeep up-to-date with regulationsfood plant designassess food samplesapply control process statistical methods
lead process optimisationdispose of food wasteuse instruments for food measurementlabel foodstuffslead process optimisationcheck the quality of products on the production lineapply food technology principles
manage medium-term objectivesconduct cleaning in place participate in the development of new food productswrite work-related reportsassess the shelf life of food productsbe at ease in unsafe environments
manage staffdispose food waste  interpret extraction datadetect microorganisms calibrate laboratory equipment

Not long ago, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia started to develop strategies for expanding investment in non-oil sectors, avoiding relying on the oil-sector economy alone. One of the top non-oil sectors the kingdom is developing is the food industry, and that means great investments and numerous job opportunities for food factory workers and professionals.

Will you be able to sail alone in the food industry market?

If you need to avoid market fluctuation risks with a partner who provides you with professional advice along with the trained food process workers your business needs, then you can always rely on SMASCO. We will support you with the qualified factory workers and the food process workers required for the success of your facility. In addition to the advice that comes from professionals with deep experience in the food industry workforce, you can count on facing the upcoming challenges and technologies. Contact the SMASCO team now.


  1. Tugce Akyazi, and Aitor Oyarbide: Department of Mechanics, Design and Organisation, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain.
  2. Aitor Goti 2: Deusto Digital Industry Chair, Department of Mechanics, Design and Organisation, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
  3. Elisabete Alberdi: Department of Applied Mathematics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
  4. Felix Bayon: Sidenor Aceros Especiales, SLU, 48970 Bilbao, Spain, and author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
  • Employee training to increase efficiency in the Saudi private sector, for Megren Abdullah Altassan, on DigitalCommons.
  • Article مدن تستقطب استثمارات جديدة بأكثر من 10 مليارات ريال وترفع أعداد المصانع الغذائية إلى 1171 مصنعًا, date: 24 February 2023 – 04 شعبان 1444 ه, The Saudi Press Agency.